About Israel
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

 About Israel

Israel in Brief

Israel is a land and a people. The history of the Jewish people, and its roots in the Land of Israel, spans some 35 centuries. With the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, Jewish independence, lost almost 2,000 years earlier, was renewed. 

Fast Facts

  • Population8,412,000
  • CapitalJerusalem​
  • LanguagesHebrew, Arabic
  • Dialing Code+972​
  • CurrencyNew Israeli​ Shekel
  • Electricity230V / 50Hz​
  • PresidentReuven Rivlin
  • Prime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu​

National Symbols

  • Israel Flag

    The flag of the State of Israel is based on the design of the Jewish prayer shawl (tallit), with a blue Shield of David (Magen David). ​ 

  • National Emblem

    The official emblem of the State of Israel is a candelabrum (menorah). The olive branches on either side represent Israel's yearning for peace. 

Spotlight on Israel

  • International Women's Day 2015 - Israeli statistics

    At the end of 2013, there were 2,986,000 women aged 15 and up living in Israel. Life expectancy was 80.3 years for men and 83.9 for women. Women constituted 57.8% of people employed in academic professions in 2014. 

  • The Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries

    Significant Jewish communities existed throughout the Middle East, North Africa, Babylon, the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen and the Gulf region for more than 2000 years, centuries before the advent of Islam and the Arab conquest.