About Israel
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
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 About Israel

Israel in Brief

Israel is a land and a people. The history of the Jewish people, and its roots in the Land of Israel, spans some 35 centuries. With the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, Jewish independence, lost almost 2,000 years earlier, was renewed. 

Fast Facts

  • Population8,296,000
  • CapitalJerusalem​
  • LanguagesHebrew, Arabic
  • Dialing Code+972​
  • CurrencyNew Israeli​ Shekel
  • Electricity230V / 50Hz​
  • PresidentReuven Rivlin
  • Prime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu​

National Symbols

  • Israel Flag

    The flag of the State of Israel is based on the design of the Jewish prayer shawl (tallit), with a blue Shield of David (Magen David). ​ 

  • National Emblem

    The official emblem of the State of Israel is a candelabrum (menorah). The olive branches on either side represent Israel's yearning for peace. 

Spotlight on Israel

  • Knesset committees

    There are four types of Knesset committees that function on a regular basis: Permanent Knesset committees, special Knesset committees, parliamentary inquiry committees and the Ethics Committee. 

  • Israel at 66: A statistical glimpse

    Israel stands at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. Geographically, it belongs to the Asian continent. Its western border is the Mediterranean Sea. 

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