About Israel
Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

 About Israel

Israel in Brief

Israel is a land and a people. The history of the Jewish people, and its roots in the Land of Israel, spans some 35 centuries. With the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, Jewish independence, lost almost 2,000 years earlier, was renewed. 

Fast Facts

  • Population8,412,000
  • CapitalJerusalem​
  • LanguagesHebrew, Arabic
  • Dialing Code+972​
  • CurrencyNew Israeli​ Shekel
  • Electricity230V / 50Hz​
  • PresidentReuven Rivlin
  • Prime MinisterBenjamin Netanyahu​

National Symbols

  • Israel Flag

    The flag of the State of Israel is based on the design of the Jewish prayer shawl (tallit), with a blue Shield of David (Magen David). ​ 

  • National Emblem

    The official emblem of the State of Israel is a candelabrum (menorah). The olive branches on either side represent Israel's yearning for peace. 

Spotlight on Israel

  • Israel at 67: A statistical glimpse

    A brief summary of data on Israel based on the most recently published Statistical Abstract of Israel, with figures updated to the end of 2013. 

  • The Temple Mount: Background

    In recent years, Palestinian radicals have been trying to violate the status quo by preventing Christians and Jews from visiting the Temple Mount. Palestinian rioters are funded and led by radical Islamist elements.