Israel at 67: A statistical glimpse

Israel at 67: A statistical glimpse

3/24/2015

Israel 67 - Spirit of creativity

A brief summary of data on Israel based on the most recently published Statistical Abstract of Israel, with figures updated to the end of 2013.
Israel in Figures 2014
 
Copyright: Central Bureau of Statistics
  • The State of Israel is located on the southwest tip of the Asian continent, on the eastern basin of the Mediterranean Sea. It at a latitude between 29° and the 33° north of the Equator.
  • Israel declared its independence on 14 May 1948.
  • From the establishment of the State of Israel to the end of 2013, about 3.1 million immigrants arrived in Israel. 
  • The Israeli currency is the New Israeli Sheqel (NIS), which is divided into 100 agorot.
  • 3,539,700 tourists visited Israel in 2013.
  • The number of households in 2013 was 2,312,600, and the average household size was 3.33 persons. 79% of the households had at least one employed person.
  • 80.4% of Israeli households have a computer, and 70.7% have an Internet connection.

Geography

Israel stands at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. Geographically, it belongs to the Asian continent. Its western border is the Mediterranean Sea. To the north it is bound by Lebanon and Syria, to the east by Jordan and to the south by the Red Sea and Egypt. Long and narrow in shape, Israel is about 290 miles (470 km.) long and 85 miles (135 km.) across at its widest point. Its total area is 22,072 sq km, of which 21,643 sq km is land area (Sea of Galilee: 164 sq km; Dead Sea: 265 sq km). Israel's total land border measures 857 km, its Mediterranean coastline 194 km, and 12 km on the Red Sea.

The only river in Israel: The Jordan River, approximately 250 km.
Main streams: Alexander, Besor, Hadera, Yarqon, Sa'ar, Qishon, and Soreq.


Geographical Regions

Arid zones 45%
Plains and valleys 25%
Mountains 16%
Rift valley 9%
Coastal strip 5%



Selected elevations:

Mt. Hermon, Golan - highest point in Israel 7,300 ft. 2,224 m.
Mt. Meron, Upper Galilee 3,964 ft. 1,208 m.
Mt. Ramon, Negev 3,396 ft. 1,035 m.
Mt. of Olives, Jerusalem 2,739 ft. 835 m.
Mt. Tabor, Lower Galilee 1,930 ft. 588 m.
Mt. Carmel, Haifa 1,792 ft. 546 m.
Dead Sea - lowest point on earth    - 1,368 ft.      - 417 m.



Natural resources

Raw materials for construction of buildings and roads: gravel and stone, sand, kurkar, clay, limestone, gypsum, and tuff.

Raw materials for manufacturing: potash, bromine, magnesium, salt, phosphates, sand, clay, and limestone.

Energy sources: natural gas, oil shale.

 

Climate

Israel is on a "climatic crossroad", which is a transitional area between a temperate and arid climate. The southern and eastern areas of Israel are characterized by an arid climate, while the other areas are characterized by a Mediterranean climate. Due to this climatic formation, there is high variability in the amount of precipitation from year to year, and in the different areas of the country.
The highest temperature ever recorded in Israel was 54°C (Tirat Zvi on 21 June 1942)
The lowest temperature ever recorded in Israel was -13.7°C (Bet Netofa Valley on 7 February 1950)


People


Population by Religion

Jews 75.0%
Muslims 17.5%
Christians   2.0%
Druze   1.6%
Not classified by religion   3.9%
  Population Distribution

Urban localities       91.4%
Rural localities   8.6%
  Of which:
   Moshavim
   Kibbutzim

  3.7%
 1.9%


Largest cities by population 

Jerusalem 829,900
Tel Aviv-Yafo 418,600
Haifa 273,200
Rishon Lezion 237,600
Petah Tikva
219,300

 

Immigrants by Year of Immigration 

1948-1951 688,000
1952-1959 272,000
1960-1969 374,000
1970-1979 346,000
1980-1989 154,000
1990-1999 956,300
2000-2009
2010-2013
268,300
  66,900


Today, 73.6 percent of Israel's Jewish population were born in Israel.


  1980 1990 End of 2013

Population 3,921,700 4,821,700 8,309,400
Civilian labor force 1,318,100 1,649,900 3,677,800
Jews in Israel,
as a percentage of world Jewry

25

30

43
Life expectancy
   Females
   Males

75.7
72.1

78.4
75.7

83.9
80.3
Infant mortality
(per 1000 live births)
15.6 9.9 3.1
School population 1,200,700 1,451,300 2,167,250
Percentage of the population (15+)
with 13 years or more of formal schooling

19.2

25.3

46.8


Economy

  1980 1990 2013

Gross Domestic Product
(NIS million)
116 111,804 1,380,110
Net exports of goods (US$ billions) 5,291.9 11,603.1 56,870.9
thereof:
  Industrial products
    (excl. diamonds)

    Agricultural products

3,340.4

555.7

7,696.8

657.2

46,271.9

1,495.2
Net imports of goods (US$ billions) 7,845.7 15,107.1 71,102.0
Tourists arriving 1,065,800 1,131,700 3,539,700
Air passengers 2,847,000 3,720,000 13,559,000
Freight shipped by air (in tons) 105,800 194,160 266,422
Production of electricity
(millions of kilwatt/hours)
12,400 20,900 60,649
Private cars 410,000 803,000 2,338,700

Education

Students in Universities, Academic Colleges and Colleges of Education

1969/70 35,374
1979/80 53,355
1989/90 75,487
1999/00 170,953
2009/10
2013/14
243,858
264,844


University Students by Field of Study (2012/13)
(Total 124,957 students in nine universities)

Humanities 22.0%
Social Sciences 22.5%
Science & mathematics 15.7%
Engineering& architecture 15.0%
Medicine & paramedical
11.5%
Business & Administration 7.6%
Law 4.2%
Agriculture 1.4%


Recipients of Degrees from Institutions of Higher Education, 2012/13

Universities -
39,654
Colleges - 32,039


* Figures based on the Statistical Abstract of Israel 2014

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